Laparoscopy is a surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube put through a cut (incision) in the belly to look at the abdominal organs or the female pelvic organs.
LAPROSCOPE: it is a rigid telescope which is between 4 to 10mm, in diameter, 30cms long, incorporating an optical system as a means of illumination. The light is transmitted from an external source to the distal lense by means of fibreglass cables. Light source of 300 W is used for illumination of abdominal cavity. Photography requires light source of 1000 W. Other instruments include Verres needle, Trocar and accessories to perform therapeutic procedures.
The general instructions are laid down for successful laparoscopic treatment. According to the situation the doctor will decide and advise you personally.
Indications For Laproscopy :
A) Diagnostic Laproscopy:
2. Tubal Diseases
4. Chronic Pelvic Pain
5. Ovarian Dissorder
6. Suspected Ectopic Pregnancy
7. PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
8. Ovarian Malignancy
9. Uterine Abnormalities
B) Operative Laproscopy:
1. Pelvic Adhesions
2. PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)
3. Ovarian Cyst
4. Chocolate Cyst
6. LAVH (Laproscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy)
7. Tubal Ligation
It is mandatory to carry Physician’s Fitness :
Advantages Of Laproscopy:
1. Avoidance of abdominal scar, wound sepsis and scar hernia.
2. Reduced pain and quick recovery.
3. Short hospital stay.
4. Less peritoneal Adhesions post operatively.
This procedure is used for inspecting the uterine cavity.
HYSTEROSCOPE:- it comprises of a 4mm telescope with Hopkins rod lens optical system having a wide viewing angle and fibre optic illumination cable.
involves telescope in it. Herein telescope 5 mm in diameter is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. After that the screen is watched out for detailed pictures of the uterus. This is an easy procedure wherein no cuts are involved so this is safe procedure.
Indications For Hysteroscopy:
A) Diagnostic Indications:
- Study of endocervical mucosal lining.
- Congenital Malformation.
- Endometrial Tuberculosis.
- Asherman’s Syndrome.
- Misplaced IUCD.
- Endometrial Lesions and abnormal Uterine Bleeding.
- Cornual Tubal Blockage.
B) Therapeutic Indications:
- Uterine Septum.
- Embedded IUCD.
- Submucous Fibroid.
- Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding.
- Tubal Blockage.[/su_tab]