The advancement of new perspectives in assisted reproductive technology (ART) through the use of modern infertility evaluation techniques has led clinicians to reassess how infertility should best be treated. The usefulness of laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy has helped clinicians in the diagnostic work-up of infertile patients or in patients who are unresponsive to fertility treatments and further plan up the appropriate treatment options.

Laparoscopy is a surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube, put through a cut (incision) in the belly to look at the abdominal organs or the female pelvic organs.

Advantages Of Laproscopy:

  • Avoidance of abdominal scar, wound sepsis and scar hernia.
  • Reduced pain and quick recovery.
  • Short hospital stay.
  • Less peritoneal Adhesions post operatively.

Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus in order to diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding. Hysteroscopy is done using a hysteroscope, a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus.

What is diagnostic hysteroscopy?

Diagnostic hysteroscopy is used to diagnose problems of the uterus. Diagnostic hysteroscopy is also used to confirm results of other tests, such as hysterosalpingography (HSG). HSG is an X-ray dye test used to check the uterus and fallopian tubes. Diagnostic hysteroscopy can many times be done in an office setting.

Additionally, hysteroscopy can be used with other procedures, such as laparoscopy, or before procedures such as dilation and curettage (D&C). In laparoscopy, your doctor will insert an endoscope (a slender tube fitted with a fiber optic camera) into your abdomen to view the outside of your uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. The endoscope is inserted through an incision made through or below your navel.

What is operative hysteroscopy?

Operative hysteroscopy is used to correct an abnormal condition that has been detected during a diagnostic hysteroscopy. If an abnormal condition was detected during the diagnostic hysteroscopy, an operative hysteroscopy can often be performed at the same time, avoiding the need for a second surgery. During operative hysteroscopy, small instruments used to correct the condition are inserted through the hysteroscope.

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