Once a problem has been diagnosed, we immediately try to find out the cure for the diagnosed problem, however to have a detailed explanation of the problem, it is very important to understand the anatomy and the physiology of human reproductive system.
Female Reproductive System:-
The female reproductive system is very complex, as it involves a series of complex process. Every month, a single egg (Oocyte) undergoes a maturation process inside a dominant follicle. Once the egg is matured, the follicle releases the egg, this process is called OVULATION. Once the egg is released, it starts travelling from the Fimbril end into the Fallopian Tubes. This is the perfect time for fertilization to occur. During this period, if a couple performs unprotected intercourse, the Sperm with the help of their tail move inside the vagina and enter into the fallopian tubes where if the egg is available fertilises, resulting into an embryo. The embryo then travels from the fallopian tubes and implants in the lining of the uterus called the Endometrium, which grows further providing a coushin for the baby to grow for nine months.
This is the natural process of fertilization, however any abnormalities or deviations in any of the above mentioned processes, may result in difficulty in conception and require medical help.
Some causes of infertility in women may include:
Medical Causes May Include:
- PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian syndrome)
- Tubal Blockage
- Diminished Ovarian reserve
- TB (Tuberculosis)
- STI’s (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
- PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases)
Non-Medical Causes May Include:
- Increased Age
- Delayed Marriages
- Working schedules
- Higher Body Mass Index (BMI)
- Decreased Coital Frequency
- Lifestyle factors (Smoking, Drinking)
The severity of the issue may vary, but with the expertise at Yashoda hospital, most of the issues can be handled with successful results as we have the best doctors equipped with the best treatment procedures.
Male Reproductive System:-
Sperm production and maturation takes place in the seminiferous tubules of the testes. Once mature, the sperm are stored in the epididymis. During exual intercourse, the sperm leaves the epididymis and travels through the Vas Deferens to get secreted at the time of ejaculation. Here the sperm gets mixed with various secondary secretions, which increases the capacitation of the sperm to travel through the vagina to the fallopian tubes for successful fertilization.
Some causes of infertility in men may include:
When it comes to infertility in men, more than 90% of the cases are due to:
- Low Sperm Count
- Poor Sperm Quality
- Hormonal Imbalance
- Genetic Defects
- Obstruction in the Vas Deferens
- Non-obstructive Azospermia
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Blockage in the Ejaculatory ducts
There has been great progress in understanding the treatment options of male infertility, including sperm-retrieval techniques, Like PESA/TESA and ICSI for men with low sperm count issues.
We at Yashoda Hospital, help you with our expertise and strive hard to heal the fertility issues with a detailed examination of the cause of infertility to give the best possible outcome.